The white paper provides a screening framework for screening technology stacks for web development. This document compares six different technology stacks, including LAMP, MEAN, WISA, WIMP, JAVA, and SMACK. These stacks are compared against various parameters and NFRs so that one can arrive at the technology stack best suited to the solution.
A web framework facilitates the development of an application. Most apps have a standard set of features (like data validation, sessions, security, etc.) and a framework that keeps you from reinventing the wheel every time you build an app.
The LAMP stack, WISA stack, Java stack, and MEAN stack are the most popular, but there are countless others and important distinctions and trade-offs among the technology stacks available. For example, free isn’t always cheaper, and feature-rich doesn’t always mean more features. The purpose of this article is to compare the six critical tech stacks available and help answer the question, “Which tech stack is best for my application?” »
This section provides technology stack selection guidelines for web development. This explains various critical factors that one must consider before choosing a technology stack:
Type of project:
The type of project is always a determining factor in choosing the right technology stack. In small projects, when it is necessary to deliver in the shortest possible time, simple technologies can be exploited; especially if the requirement involves a working prototype that was delivered within a strict deadline. When the project is medium-sized, then it would need a combination of programming languages, as such projects require various features and seamless integrations across multiple platforms. The application includes e-commerce, financial industry, major government projects, etc. In such cases, PHP, Python, Java, and C# are the commonly used programming languages.
In complex projects, one needs to create web applications with multiple features and functionality. Also in this scenario, it is necessary to work with several programming languages and to use different web technologies and frameworks. Examples of such projects include e-commerce, marketplaces, social media, etc. Processing heavy loads requires relying on multiple programming languages and frameworks. Take advantage of a web stack that reduces latency and makes the application very responsive. When finalizing the size of the application, it is imperative to rethink the goals and objectives. Indeed, the impact of the leveraged technology stack would directly influence business goals and objectives.
Skills and Abilities
A key aspect to consider is the level of expertise within the team working with various technology stacks. Even after deciding on the technology stack, remember that the work doesn’t stop because the team will have to keep the application in the support phase later. The reason expertise is so important is that the developer can struggle with problems when writing code. Finally, to find a solution, the team must be experienced because the project is running on a tight schedule.
If you’re in the process of choosing a tech stack, make sure it has a huge developer community and proper documentation. Analyzing GitHub and Stack Overflow would help to understand the strength of the community of developers of different programming languages and frameworks. Some tech stacks require test-driven development – TDD approach where you have to test first and code later. TDD ensures the speed and quality of the project. The development team must be competent and expert in managing the TDD methodology.
Time to market
Planning a product launch and finishing a product on time is always a herculean effort. In case the project takes a long time to develop and test the application, be aware that there is a high probability that you will not make it to the launch date. The time to market highly depends on the technology stack you choose for the web application.
- Innovative Solutions – If you come across a technology stack that provides a unique solution for adding functionality to the application, you should consider taking advantage of it. An example will be the Ruby on Rails framework with its efficient open source libraries as it helps reduce time to market.
- Third-party integrations – If the application needs certain functionality from third-party solutions, choose a technology stack that allows for seamless integration. This makes it easy to add necessary features and functions to the application.
- Developer Expertise – Developer expertise will directly influence time to market. If you have an efficient team with a solid knowledge base, you can release the product on time without bugs.
Scalability aspects are the ability of the system to handle the workload. As the number of users increases, the application must be able to handle user growth, including occasional spikes. The development team must choose a technology stack that will scale with future business growth. Horizontal scaling involves deploying the solution to multiple servers simultaneously to handle the influx of traffic. Vertical scaling is tied to adding more processors and memory to handle the handle load.
Before starting application development, create a development team for the Minimum Viable Product – MVP. MVP is a set of basic deliverables needed to build the web application. This is based on the most profitable investment and the lowest risk factor. While considering all the parameters in choosing the web stack, consider the MVP first and then expand from there.
If the code is too long and complicated, developers should spend a lot of time trying to maintain it regularly; and if the codebase is too concise, debugging becomes a headache. It is therefore essential to select a language that creates easily maintainable and reusable codes.
Software architecture supports portability, scalability, and reusability of the application, and it influences both dynamic and static component configurations. Software maintenance should be performed even as applications scale, when user load increases, when the application is ported, and when capabilities become more dynamic.
Although most popular frameworks and tools are free and open-source, a subscription may be required to access advanced features and support.
Depending on the tech stack you want to leverage, you will need to license it. It is therefore essential to weigh the balance between the cost of a battery and the utilities of its features before making the final selection. The cost of infrastructure is also a critical aspect. In short, if cost reduction is a key aspect, then open source frameworks and technologies should be chosen.
Tech Stack: Reference Card
You can download table here